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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 48-52

Documentation and scientific validation of a Siddha ethnic practice Suttigai (cauterization) in Pudukottai district

1 JSA Medical College for Siddha and Research, Ulundurpet, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Siddha Regional Research Institute, Puducherry, India
3 Department of Kuzhandhai Maruthuvam, National Institute of Siddha, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
4 Department of Pothu Maruthuvam, Govt. Siddha Medical College, Palayamkottai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Chitra Balasubramanian
Siddha Regional Research Institute (Central Council for Research in Siddha), Kuyavarpalayam, Puducherry
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jrsm.jrsm_3_22

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Introduction: Siddha system of medicine deals with the surgical as well as external application methods that are categorized under Pura Maruthuvam. In Siddhar Aruvai Maruthuvam, 32 types of treatment methods such as Kattu muraikal (splints), keeral (blood-letting), Komburinjal (Type of blood-letting through horns), and Attai vidal (Leech therapy) are described. The external therapy Suttigai (Cauterization) method is being practiced by Siddha physicians to cure chronic ailments which the internal drugs alone do not cure. There are many number of suttigai methodologies specified in Siddha Literatures and through inheritance by folklore practitioners. Materials and Methods: This study aimed to document the procedure of suttigai practiced by a traditional healer family in Pudukottai district, Tamil Nadu, which was being taught through their inheritance. They used to treat children with chest wall deformity in their surroundings for many generations. Results: The practitioner claims that as witnessed through their indigenous suttigai practices the treated children have not shown any significant post-treatment complications. The chest wall deformity is being rectified spontaneously along with the cauterized wound reconciliation. An image of a male aged 76 years, who was treated by his father of the practitioner, had a scar in his chest which was done at his age of 2 years for the congenital chest wall abnormality is illustrated here. Conclusion: In this paper, we attempt to substantiate the scientific rationale behind the traditional suttigai practice.

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