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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 48-53

Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Decoction of Allium cepa on Peptic Ulcer

Unit of Siddha Medicine, Trincomalee Campus, Eastern University of Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka

Correspondence Address:
Vijitha Paheerathan
Unit of Siddha Medicine, Trincomalee Campus, Eastern University of Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Introduction: The plant Allium cepa belongs to the family Amaryllidaceae which is popularly known as Irravengayam in Tamil. A perennial herb usually grown as an annual, 15-50 cm high with ovoid, red, subterranean bulbs. Peptic ulcer disease is a problem of the gastrointestinal tract characterized by mucosal damage secondary to pepsin and gastric acid secretion. It usually occurs in the stomach and proximal duodenum; less commonly, it occurs in the lower oesophagus, the distal duodenum, or the jejunum. Signs and symptoms of Gunmam are comparable with the signs and symptoms of peptic ulcer in modern aspect. Gunmam is a disease which is characterized by indigestion, burning sensation in stomach, vomiting, decreased body strength, emaciation and stress. This study is an observational open labeled clinical trial to determine the effectiveness of bulb decoction of Allium cepa in the management of peptic ulcer. It also determines the association of peptic ulcer with hereditary, food habits, physical activities and mental disturbances. Methods: In this research questionnaire was implemented to collect the data. Ten (10) patients were selected clinically during the period of Sep 2016- Nov 2016 at the Rural Ayurvedic hospital, Kopalapuram. Patients were treated with 40ml of root decoction. Evaluation visit were made at base line and once in a week for 06 weeks. Effect of treatment was evaluated on changes in the sign and symptoms. Clinical parameters were analyzed by scores as difference between the visits on first day of treatment and after treatment. Results: Statistically highly significant improvement (p<0.001) in heart burn, epigastric pain, indigestion, nausea and vomiting and eructation were observed in each visit while mean reduction also highly marked. Conclusion: On the basis of results and findings, this study shows remarkable reduction of degree of symptoms with highly significant improvement of the selected symptoms such as heart burn, epigastric pain, indigestion, nausea & vomiting and eructation.

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