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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 15-22

IUCN Red Listed Medicinal Plants of Siddha

Siddha Central Research Institute, (Central Council for Research in Siddha, Ministry of AYUSH, Govt. of India), Arumbakkam, Chennai 600106, India

Correspondence Address:
Sunil Kumar Koppala Narayana
Siddha Central Research Institute, (Central Council for Research in Siddha, Ministry of AYUSH, Govt. of India), Arumbakkam, Chennai 600106
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Introduction: Siddha system which aims at both curative and preventive aspects is a holistic treatment methodology using herbals, metals, minerals and animal products. Medicinal plant conservation is one of global concerns because the consequence is loss of many species useful in the primary healthcare of mankind. These natural resources are dwindling, as nearly 80 to 85% of raw drugs are sourced from the wild. International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) is the global authority on the status of the natural world and the measures needed to safeguard it. IUCN congresses have produced several key international environmental agreements like the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) etc. It is noted that raw drugs for making a good number of Siddha formulations are derived from plants falling under lUCN’s rare, endangered and threatened (RET) category. The current study is aimed at exploring the RET status of medicinal plants used in Siddha. Method: The data of medicinal plants used in various Siddha formulations and as single drugs were collected and the IUCN status of the plants was checked in the Red list. Result: Siddha medicinal plants like Aconitum heterophyllum, Aquilaria malaccensis, Adhatoda beddomei, Nardostachys jatamansi are some of the examples of critically endangered species of plants facing threat due to continuous exploitation from wild. CiroparaNivaranit Tailam, InciCuranam, NantiMeluku, PuraMattirai, Maka ElatikKulikai, Vallarai Ney, Cintil Ney, ArakkutTailam, Cantana Ilakam, Murukkan Vitai Mattirai, KaucikarKulampu etc are some of the highly demand Siddha formulations containing RET medicinal plants. Conclusion: Overexploitation, habitat degradation and unsustainable harvesting practices poses urgent need for alternative strategies for whole AYUSH industry.

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